Ambassador Chiao Moe Tun will be attacked by assassins hired by Myanmar's military junta to force him to step down.

Myanmar: Why is the Burmese military so influential in politics, why can't the country get out of the control of the military? Freedom Struggle and the Burmese Army, the Constitution and the Army Who is this General Min Aung Laing, the army and the internal situation of the country, the military coup in Myanmar, the Rohingya repatriation crisis, how is the army maintaining its influence?

Chiao Moe Tun: Two arrested for plotting to assassinate Myanmar ambassador to UN

Global New News Desk -

U.S. police have arrested two people in connection with a plot to assassinate Myanmar's ambassador to the United Nations. Both are citizens of Myanmar.

The U.S. Attorney's Office in New York said Fio Hein Hut and Yeh Hein Jau planned to assassinate Ambassador Chiao Moe Tun through a hired assassin to force him to step down.

He has been sharply critical of the military government since Myanmar's military coup on February 1.

He was later ousted by the military junta - but he has continued to represent Myanmar's civilian government in world affairs.

Hundreds of people, including children, have been killed in mass protests across the country since the coup.

Several other leaders and activists have been detained, including elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and members of her party, the National League for Democracy.

A statement from the U.S. Attorney's Office said, "Fio Hein Hut and Yeh Hein Jau were jointly planning who would be injured or killed in the attack on Myanmar's ambassador to the United Nations." The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a U.S. military base.

"We thank our law enforcement agencies for their relentless efforts to ensure the safety of foreign diplomats and officials," it said.

Earlier this year, 20-year-old Mr. The 26-year-old sent four thousand US dollars to Hutt's account. Go. The money is thought to have been paid in advance of the attack.

Myanmar: Why is the Burmese military so influential in politics, why can't the country get out of the control of the military?

Myanmar has the second largest army in Southeast Asia

Myanmar is the longest-running military power in Southeast Asia.

The country, once known as Burma, gained independence from Britain in 1947, and has been under military rule for more than 50 years in Myanmar's 63-year history.

According to observers on Myanmar, the huge influence of the military on the country's politics, state institutions and other areas is unimaginable.

There are, of course, historical reasons for the military's growing influence in Bangladesh, its closest neighbor.

The freedom struggle and the Burmese army

Military rule in Myanmar is very old and long lasting. Like many other countries in Asia, it was under British rule and the British left power in 1947.

General Aung San, who is considered to be the founder of the country's military, led the movement against the British for Burma's independence.

Aung San Suu Kyi was assassinated six months before her independence from Britain. However, since independence, the people of Burma have looked upon the army with respect, regarded as the protector of the country.

On the other hand, the conflict between the different ethnic groups in Burma has started since independence.

Myanmar's military claims that the military has played a role in keeping the country united. Otherwise, the army claims, Burma would fall apart.

The Burmese military is known as Tatmado, and its main branches are the army, navy, and air force.

After independence, a constitutional government was established in Burma under the leadership of U Nu.

But that government got involved in various internal problems of the country from the very beginning. There was a lot of unrest in Burma at that time. The country is plagued by ethnic conflict, separatist movements, corruption and mismanagement.

To handle the situation, Prime Minister Wu called on the army to form a caretaker government.

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya and cannabis Muslims are being held in Myanmar's 'open prisons'

General Ne Win was the commander of the army, and the government was headed by him from 1956 to 1970.

A general election was held in Burma in 1970. After that election, a civilian government was re-established under Wu Nu.

But that government also failed to handle the ongoing unrest.

Capitalizing on that failure, a military coup took place in Burma two years after the election. Since then, Burma has been under military rule in various ways for almost 50 years.

Constitution and army

According to Myanmar's latest constitution, the country's army chief is his own boss. That is, he is not accountable to anyone.

In a 2016 interview with CNN, Aaron Connelly, an East Asia researcher at the Lowe's Institute in Sydney, Australia, said:

Mr. Connelly said, MiaNamar's army is not at all willing to hand over power completely to civilian politicians.

As much as the army has given concessions, they have given just as much through the constitution adopted in 2006. The researcher thinks that the army will not give more concessions.

That 2006 constitution allocated one-fourth of the seats in Myanmar's parliament to the military.

However, not only the reservation of seats, but also three important matters of the state are in the hands of the army as per the constitution. These are the three issues - the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Defense and the border issues.

The current constitution in Myanmar ensures the military's control over the civilian government.

Who is this General Min Aung Laing

But the question is, if Aung San Suu Kyi's government had been formed after winning more than 60 percent of the vote in the last election on November 7, could that government have amended the constitution? What was the possibility?

Jonathan Head, the BBC's Southeast Asia correspondent, thinks it would never have been possible for Aung San Suu Kyi to amend the constitution.

He said the reason for this was that the amendment of the constitution required the support of 75 per cent members of parliament. Since the army controls 25 percent of the members of parliament, it is not possible to amend the constitution without their support.

The internal situation of the army and the country

Macro Bunta, a researcher at the Giga Institute of Asian Studies in Germany, has studied the military rule in Myanmar.

He writes that when a civilian government in a country fails to effectively run the country, there is military intervention.

In the context of Burma, Mr. Bunta writes that the Burmese army was established six years before independence and was led by the country's freedom struggle.

As a result, he thinks, there was a political attitude among Burmese army officers and soldiers from the beginning.

After independence, the Burmese army was strengthened to deal with ethnic conflicts inside the country. As a result a strong army gradually began to consolidate control in politics.

According to a 2001 report by the International Crisis Group, Myanmar's military junta has been isolating itself from the international community since 1982.

They always thought that the resources inside Myanmar could solve their country's problems. As a result, the military junta did not bother much about the international image.

At the same time, the military did not allow political power to develop inside Myanmar.

Military coup in Myanmar, Rohingya repatriation crisis

According to analysts, there are fears within the military that the influence of the military will diminish if politics is strengthened. That is why those who oppose the military junta have been repressed with a strong hand.

The then military junta held a general election in 1990 in the face of a strong democratic movement. Although the NLD, led by Aung San Suu Kyi, won the election, the military generals did not hand over power to them.

How is the army maintaining influence?

Myanmar's military ruled the country directly from 1982 to 2011.

The military accounts for 14 percent of the country's total national budget.

Japan and India's relations with Burma have always been good, according to a 2001 report by the International Crisis Group. However, despite some relaxation in relations with China, the situation has changed since 1986.

China was the first country to recognize Myanmar's military government in 1986. Since then, strong ties have been formed between China and Myanmar.

As a result of joining the ASEAN Alliance, the Southeast Asian countries have developed good relations with Burma. These countries have never been so vocal about military rule in Myanmar.

Indian companies trade with military companies in Myanmar

The report by the International Crisis Group further states that the military controls Myanmar's politics and various state institutions, as well as the country's private sector economy.

The United States and the European Union imposed an arms embargo on Burma during its direct military rule. But that did not stop the military junta from collecting weapons. At that time, the country bought arms from China and Israel.

According to observers on Myanmar, the country's military has always wanted to give the public the impression that the military is strong and in control of everything.    


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